Category Archives: Uncategorized

Theology Gals | Episode 15 | Suffering

On this episode of Theology Gals Ashley and Coleen discuss suffering. They talk about what Scripture says about the reasons why we may suffer, how we should respond to our suffering and how we can encourage others who are suffering.

(We had a couple technical difficulties during this episode. A hail storm hit Coleen's home in Colorado towards the end of the episode and can be heard.)
Episode notes:
There are many kinds of suffering. We face short term trials, and we can may experience very difficult and long term suffering.
While the Lord may discipline us for our good, suffering is not always the result of sin or discipline:
7 It is for discipline that you endure; God deals with you as with sons; for what son is there whom his father does not discipline? 8 But if you are without discipline, of which all have become partakers, then you are illegitimate children and not sons. 9 Furthermore, we had earthly fathers to discipline us, and we respected them; shall we not much rather be subject to the Father of spirits, and live? 10 For they disciplined us for a short time as seemed best to them, but He disciplines us for our good, so that we may share His holiness. 11 All discipline for the moment seems not to be joyful, but sorrowful; yet to those who have been trained by it, afterwards it yields the peaceful fruit of righteousness. Hebrews 12:7-11

In Hebrews 12 we see that even when the Lord disciplines us, He does so for our good, because He loves us, in the same way parents discipline their.

But we also know from Job and other places in Scripture that our suffering is not always the result of discipline.

It's easy to assume that our suffering is a result of our sin, in John 9 the disciples assumed that very thing:

1 As he passed by, he saw a man blind from birth. 2 And his disciples asked him, “Rabbi, who sinned, this man or his parents, that he was born blind?” 3 Jesus answered, “It was not that this man sinned, or his parents, but that the works of God might be displayed in him John 9:1-3

This is an excerpt from an article by RC Sproul on this passage:

“However, the disciples made the mistake of particularizing the general relationship between sin and suffering. They assumed there was a direct correspondence between the blind man’s sin and his affliction. Had they not read the book of Job, which deals with a man who was innocent and yet was severely afflicted by God? The disciples erred in reducing the options to two when there was another alternative. They posed their question to Jesus in an either/or fashion, committing the logical fallacy of the false dilemma, assuming that the sin of the man or the sin of the man’s parents was the cause of his blindness.

“The disciples also seem to have assumed that anyone who has an affliction suffers in direct proportion to the sin that has been committed. Again, the book of Job dashes that conclusion, for the degree of suffering Job was called to bear was astronomical compared with the suffering and afflictions of others far more guilty than he was.

“We must never jump to the conclusion that a particular incidence of suffering is a direct response or in direct correspondence to a person’s particular sin. The story of the man born blind makes this point.”

There's also teaching in some circles that suffering is due to a lack of faith.  Some believe in regards to healing for instance, that the Lord withholds it because the sufferer has a lack of faith, but that is not Biblical. They also may believe that God promises us healing and wealth which also is not consistent with Scripture.
Reasons for Suffering:

Our suffering tests and prepares us & teaches us to rely on God

6 In this you rejoice, though now for a little while, if necessary, you have been grieved by various trials, 7 so that the tested genuineness of your faith—more precious than gold that perishes though it is tested by fire—may be found to result in praise and glory and honor …

Theology Gals | Episode 14 | Mother’s Day Special

This is Theology Gals first Mother's Day special. Coleen and Ashley are joined by Ashley Bacon and Rebekah Womble to discuss Motherhood. The gals talk about the joys and challenges of mothering in the various seasons of child rearing. They also discuss raising children in the Lord and training them in the faith.

Special guest appearance by five year old, Aubrie Bacon.

Check out Rebekah’s blog, Wise in His Eyes
Resources on Infertility & miscarriage:
Infertility by Marlo Schalesky

My Own Dance Upon Barren Land: A Story of Infertility by Lesli A. Westfall

Miscarriage This is a great list of resources from Pastor David Murray, for those who have suffered a miscarriage.
Book Recommendations:
Give Them Grace by Elyse Fitzpatrick

Comforting Hearts Teaching Minds:Family Devotions Based on the Heidelberg Catechism by Starr Meade
Training Hearts, Teaching Minds: Family Devotions Based on the Shorter Catechism by Starr Meade
My First Book of Questions and Answers by Carine MacKenzie

Spiritual Mothering by Susan Hunt

Susan Hunt has several great books for children including Big Truths for Little Kids, My ABC Bible Verses, My ABC Bible Verses From the Psalms, Discovering Jesus in Genesis, Discovering Jesus in Exodus. Several of her children's books incorporate the children's catechism.
Mentioned on this episode:
Singing the Psalms: Sisters Let's Sing the Psalms Part 1 and Part 2

The Kids Catechism: An Introduction to the Shorter Catechism (Westminster)

A Catechism for Girls and Boys (Baptist)

Children’s Catechism Resources – This a great resource for those working through the children's catechism with your little ones or if you're interested in learning more about catechizing your children.

Episode Music from Castle Pines

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Theology Gals | Episode 13 | Christ & Culture with Ryan Haskins

On this week's episode of Theology Gals, Coleen and Ashley talk with Ryan Haskins about Christ and Culture. Ryan is Pastor of Student Ministries at Community Bible Church in Nashville, Tennessee. You can also hear him on the Theocast podcast.


For further study:

Theocast – Christ and Culture Part 1 and Part 2

Natural Law and the Two Kingdoms: A Study in the Development of Reformed Social Thought (Emory University Studies in Law and Religion) by David VanDrunen

Living in God's Two Kingdoms by David VanDrunen

Christ and Culture Revisited by D. A. Carson

Pilgrim Theology: Core Doctrines for Christian Disciples by Michael Horton


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Theology Gals | Episode 12 | Question & Answer Episode

On this week's episode of Theology Gals, Ashley and Coleen answer your questions. They discuss struggles with the doctrine of election, unbelieving family, resources on church history, women working outside the home and more. 

Things mentioned on this episode:

James White vs INC debate

Westminster Confession IV

Westminster Confession III

TULIP and Reformed Theology: Unconditional Election

A Survey of Church History – Robert Godfrey

Church History 101: The Highlights of Twenty Centuries

Church History: A Crash Course for the Curious

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Theology Gals | Episode 11 | with Ted Rosenbladt


On this episode of Theology Gals Coleen talks with her brother-in-law Ted Rosenbladt, President of 1517 The Legacy Project.  You may be familiar with his father Rod Rosenbladt from the White Horse Inn radio program. Coleen and Ted talk about 1517 The Legacy Project, the anniversary of the Reformation and a variety of other things. Ashley is gone, but will return next week.

Resources Mentioned On This Episode:

1517 Freebies

Here We Still Stand Conference

The Thinking Fellows Podcast


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If you’d like to ask Theology Gals a question which may be answered on a future episode, you can text or leave us a voicemail at 951-364-0221. You may also send an email.

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Theology Gals | Episode 9 | Can We Have Assurance?

On this episode of Theology Gals Coleen and Ashley discuss assurance. Can we have assurance and what is is the basis of our assurance?

Join us next week when we have a very special guest to talk about Covenant Theology.

Faith is the assurance of things hoped for, the conviction of things not seen. [Hebrews 11:1]

1.Can a Christian have assurance?

We can and should have assurance

One of the problems is in our attempt at assurance we look to ourselves for it, instead of Christ.  One thing which came out of the reformation was law/gospel distinctions, understanding the difference between justification and sanctification.  There’s a tendency for people to look to the law for their assurance instead of the gospel. While our growth in obedience may strengthen our assurance, it is not the ground of it.

Rod Rosenbladt says “The Gospel is for Christians too.”

Dr. R Scott Clark

“The fruit of faith strengthens our assurance but it is not the basis of it. The sole basis/ground of assurance is Christ’s righteousness for us and his unshakable promises to us.

“To refuse to have assurance on the ground that one is not sufficiently sanctified is a form of unbelief. Stop it. Repent of it. Of course you are not sanctified enough! You’re a wretch. Jesus didn’t obey and die for nice, sanctified people. He obeyed and died for you and me.

“Will your assurance always be perfect and equally strong? No. The Westminster Confession ch 14  deals with that question brilliantly. Our assurance ebbs and flows. We learn more and more to stop looking at ourselves — just as we learn to stop looking at garbage heaps — and we learn more and more to look at Christ and his promises.”

Can I Have Assurance by R Scott Clark

Westminster Confession 14 & 18

2. Assurance is based ultimately on God’s promises and not our own experience or performance:

Romans 4

What then shall we say was gained by Abraham, our forefather according to the flesh? 2 For if Abraham was justified by works, he has something to boast about, but not before God. 3 For what does the Scripture say? “Abraham believed God, and it was counted to him as righteousness.” 4 Now to the one who works, his wages are not counted as a gift but as his due. 5 And to the one who does not work but believes in him who justifies the ungodly, his faith is counted as righteousness,

Romans 5:1-3

Therefore, since we have been justified by faith, we have peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ. 2 Through him we have also obtained access by faith into this grace din which we stand, and we 3 rejoice in hope of the glory of God

Hebrews 6

3.God gives us Evidences of Salvation which can strengthen our assurance


  • Faith

Romans 5

Therefore, since we have been justified by faith, we have peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ. 2 Through him we have also obtained access by faith into this grace in which we stand, and we rejoice in hope of the glory of God.

One way we know we’re Christians is because of our faith in Christ.

Westminster Catechism

What is true faith?
“True faith is not only a certain knowledge whereby I hold for truth all that God has revealed to us in His Word;  but also a hearty trust,  which the Holy Spirit works in me by the Gospel,  that not only to others, but to me also, forgiveness of sins, everlasting righteousness and salvation are freely given by God,  merely of grace, only for the sake of Christ’s merits.”

John Calvin, Inst., 3.2.7.

“Now we shall possess a right definition of faith if we call it a firm and certain knowledge of God’s benevolence toward us, founded upon the truth of the freely given promise in Christ, both revealed to our minds and sealed upon our hearts through the Holy Spirit.”

We are saved by grace through faith

Ephesians 2:8-10

For by grace you have been saved through faith. And this is not your own doing; it is the gift of God, 9 not a result of works, so that no one may boast. 10 For we are his workmanship, created in Christ Jesus for good works, which God prepared beforehand, that we should walk in them.

  2. Sanctification

The Lord is working in our lives to grow in obedience.

Q: What is sanctification?

A: Sanctification is the work of God’s free grace, whereby we are renewed in the whole man after the image of God, and are enabled more and more to die unto sin, and live unto righteousness.

2 Thessalonians 2:13 God hath from the beginning chosen you to salvation through sanctification of the Spirit and of the truth.

Ephesians 4:23-24 And be renewed in the spirit of your mind; and that ye put on the new man, which after God is created in righteousness and true holiness.

Romans 6:4, 6, 14 Therefore we are buried with him by baptism into death: that like as Christ was raised up from the dead by the glory of the Father, even so we also should walk in newness of life. . . knowing this, that our old man is crucified with him, that the body of sin might be destroyed, that henceforth we should not serve sin. . . For sin shall not have dominion over you: for ye are not under the law, but under grace.

Romans 8:4 That the righteousness of the law might be fulfilled in us, who walk not after the flesh, but after the Spirit.

We will continue to struggle with sin. As Luther emphasized Simul Justus et Peccator, simultaneously justified and Sinner.

“And so with this formula (Simul Justus et peccator) Luther was saying, in our justification we are one and the same time righteous or just, and sinners. Now if he would say that we are at the same time and in the same relationship just and sinners that would be a contradiction in terms. But that’s not what he was saying. He was saying from one perspective, in one sense, we are just. In another sense, from a different perspective, we are sinners; and how he defines that is simple. In and of ourselves, under the analysis of God’s scrutiny, we still have sin; we’re still sinners. But, by imputation and by faith in Jesus Christ, whose righteousness is now transferred to our account, then we are considered just or righteous. This is the very heart of the gospel.”

Ligonier What Does “Simul Justus et Peccator” Mean?

Remember as R Scott Clark said in the quote above “The fruit of faith strengthens our assurance but it is not the basis of it.”

   3. The Holy Spirit

The Holy Spirit is working in us that we may have assurance.

Romans 8:15-17

15 For you did not receive the spirit of slavery to fall back into fear, but you have received the Spirit of adoption as sons, by whom we cry, “Abba! Father!” 16 The Spirit himself bears witness with our spirit that we are children of God, 17 and if children, then heirs—heirs of God and fellow heirs with Christ, provided we suffer with him in order that we may also be glorified with him.

Our assurance is outside of us in the finished work of Christ, outside of ourselves. Our assurance is in the work of Christ.  

Objections to assurance

“My faith isn’t strong enough”

None of us have strong enough faith, we’re wretched sinners, which is why Christ died. If you look to the law for assurance, you won’t find it, the law condemns, our assurance is in the gospel. Our righteousness is by faith.

Romans 1:17

For in it the righteousness of God is revealed from faith to faith; as it is written, “BUT THE RIGHTEOUS man SHALL LIVE BY Faith” 

Galatians 3:10-11

10 For all who rely on works of the law are under a curse; for it is written, n“Cursed be everyone who does not abide by all things written in the Book of the Law, and do them.” 11 Now it is evident that no one is justified before God by the law, for “The righteous shall live by faith.

“I still sin and don’t obey enough.”

Romans 8:1-4

There is therefore now no condemnation for those who are in Christ Jesus.1 2 For the law of the Spirit of life has set you2 free in Christ Jesus from the law of sin and death. 3 For God has done what the law, weakened by the flesh, could not do. By sending his own Son in the likeness of sinful flesh and for sin,3 he condemned sin in the flesh, 4 in order that the righteous requirement of the law might be fulfilled in us, who walk not according to the flesh but according to the Spirit.

Our justification is not based on our good works, it is not based on our faithfulness, it’s based on Christ alone and His Faithfulness.

A Biblical understanding of Justification is vital to our assurance

“When Luther rebelled against the medieval doctrine of justification and salvation by sanctification he re-defined justification as God’s unconditional declaration of justification (righteousness) on the ground of Christ’s condign merit imputed to believers and that received through faith alone (sola fide). Faith in justification and salvation was redefined as the sole instrument through which Christians receive God’s grace and Christ’s righteousness. This is why the sola of sola fide was so important.”

The Logic of Fruit as Evidence by R Scott Clark

Romans 8:31-39

31 What then shall we say to these things? If God is for us, who can be against us? 32 He who did not spare his own Son but gave him up for us all, how will he not also with him graciously give us all things? 33 Who shall bring any charge against God’s elect? It is God who justifies. 34 Who is to condemn? Christ Jesus is the one who died—more than that, who was raised—who is at the right hand of God, who indeed is interceding for us.10 35 Who shall separate us from the love of Christ? Shall tribulation, or distress, or persecution, or famine, or nakedness, or danger, or sword? 36 As it is written,
“For your sake we are being killed all the day long;
we are regarded as sheep to be slaughtered.”
37 No, in all these things we are more than conquerors through him who loved us. 38 For I am sure that neither death nor life, nor angels nor rulers, nor things present nor things to come, nor powers, 39 nor height nor depth, nor anything else in all creation, will be able to separate us from the love of God in Christ Jesus our Lord.

John Calvin on assurance

“Therefore, laying aside all mention of the law, and all idea of works, we must in the matter of justification have recourse to the mercy of God only; turning away our regard from ourselves, we must look only to Christ. For the question is, not how we may be righteous, but how, though unworthy and unrighteous, we may be regarded as righteous. If consciences would obtain any assurance of this, they must give no place to the law.” From Calvin’s Institutes 3 xix

“We need the assurance that he accepts us as his children and supports us so compassionately that he approves of what we do, though it is worthless, because of the fatherly love he bears us. If we do not have this assurance, the thought of serving God will make us grind our teeth. If, however, we are persuaded that God looks upon us favourably; if, though we are weak and can do nothing worthy of his approval, he accepts us in the name of the Lord Jesus Christ, then we will surely be filled with courage. We will be like a ship’s sail that has been stretched and filled by the breeze! Thus, our hearts will run to obey him, like a ship driven along by its sail, when we know that God delights in us and accepts our works, not wanting us to be compelled into servitude. He is happy for us to be his children, and that we desire to obey him. Knowing this, we can serve our God with all the more zeal. With his grace as our foundation, we are so filled with his joy that we can offer the sacrifice of praise. Likewise, having sought him in prayer, we can know that he will answer us and, in return, we can thank him for the priceless gifts that he communicates to us every day.”
Calvin’s Sermon on Galatians 5:1–3, 1557–58

Martin Luther struggled with his assurance, which is partly what led to the events of the reformation.  It was understanding the gospel which gave him assurance.  One of my favorite quotes from Luther is:

“So when the devil throws your sins in your face and declares that you deserve death and hell, tell him this: “I admit that I deserve death and hell, what of it? For I know One who suffered and made satisfaction on my behalf. His name is Jesus Christ, Son of God, and where He is there I shall be also!”

Luther before understanding the gospel tried to find assurance in other things.  It was finally understanding that our justification is by grace alone through faith alone that he understood our assurance rests upon Christ’s works.

“He who prays for remission of sins and hears the absolution of Christ should be certain that truly, just as the Word declares, his sins are forgiven; and he should be assured that this is in no sense man’s work but God’s work. Whatever, therefore, is done in the church must rest on certainty.”

Regarding God’s law and our obedience
  1. Since then we are redeemed from our misery by grace through Christ, without any merit of ours, why should we do good works?

    Because Christ, having redeemed us by His blood, also renews us by His Holy Spirit after His own image, that with our whole life we show ourselves thankful to God for His blessing, and also that He be glorified through us; then also, that we ourselves may be assured of our faith by the fruits thereof; and by our godly walk win also others to Christ.
    Heidelberg Catechism (1563)

Romans 6:1&2

What shall we say then? Are we to continue in sin that grace may abound? 2 By no means! How can we who died to sin still live in it?

Romans 6:13

Do not present your members to sin as instruments for unrighteousness, but present yourselves to God as those who have been brought from death to life, and your members to God as instruments for righteousness

This is a great article by R Scott Clark on Why Christians do good works

It’s important to understand why we do good works. This article by R Scott Clark is helpful.

Being Dad: Father as a Picture of God’s Grace by Scott Keith

“Our sin is what causes us to believe that the solution to every problem, or any problem, is to throw just a little more law at it. What we fail to realize is how natural the law is to us. Gustav Wingren said this well when he claimed, “The gospel always breaks into a world that has already got law, and for which law is not news, not a novelty. It is the gospel that goes against the norm. It is the gospel that is a novelty.” It is the gospel that is not only “news,” as Wingren says, but good news. As Martin Luther so eloquently phrased the Paradox of the gospel and his great Galatians commentary, “The gospel supplies the world with the salvation of Jesus Christ, peace of conscience, and every blessing. Just for that the world of course the gospel.”

Philippians 1:6

For I am confident of this very thing, that He who began a good work in you will perfect it until the day of Christ Jesus.

Heidelberg Catechism

Lord’s Day 1

  1. What is your only comfort
    in life and death?
    That I am not my own,
    but belong with body and soul,
    both in life and in death,
    to my faithful Saviour Jesus Christ.
    He has fully paid for all my sins
    with his precious blood,
    and has set me free
    from all the power of the devil.
    He also preserves me in such a way
    that without the will of my heavenly Father
    not a hair can fall from my head;
    indeed, all things must work together
    for my salvation.
    Therefore, by his Holy Spirit
    he also assures me
    of eternal life
    and makes me heartily willing and ready
    from now on to live for him.
Other things mentioned on this episode:

DA Carson video on assurance

Martin Luther movie clip


Theocast Spiritual Disciplines? with R Scott Clark

Join us  next week when we talk with a special guest about Covenant Theology.

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Theology Gals | Episode 8 | Dispensationalism with Andrew Rappaport

This week Ashley and Coleen discuss dispensationalism with Andrew Rappaport. What is dispensationalism and how is it different from Covenant theology? 

Andrew is founder and president of Striving for Eternity Ministries.  He is also the author of What Do They Believe?


Check out Striving for Eternity Ministries for Resources.


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Theology Gals | Episode 7 | Anglicanism


On this episode of Theology Gals Ashley and Coleen talk with Chuck Collins about Anglicanism. Chuck is a Pastor and author of Reformation Anglicanism.
As mentioned on the episode:
Reformed Acronyms and Abbreviations
Resources for this episode:
John Fonville – Why be Anglican?

Part 1 & Part 2
Resources recommended by Chuck:
Reformation Anglicanism: Biblical – Generous – Beautiful, by Chuck Collins

Reformation Anglicanism, ed. Ashley Null and John Yates III
Thomas Cranmer and the Doctrine of Repentance, Ashley Null
The Protestant Face of Anglicanism, Paul F. M. Zahl
Thomas Cranmer (biography), Diarmaid MacCulloch
Comfortable Words: Essays in Honor of Paul F.M. Zahl, ed. Koch and Brewer
The Rise of Moralism: C. Fitzsimons Allison
Richard Hooker: and the Authority of Scripture, Tradition and Reason, Nigel Atkinson
Brahmin Prophet: Phillips Brooks and the Rise of Liberal Protestantism, Gillis J. Harp
Five English Reformers, J.C. Ryle
Theology of the English Reformers, Philip Edgecumbe Hughes
Richard Hooker, W. Bradford Littlejohn
William Wilberforce, Eric Metaxas
The Lion, the Witch, and the Wardrobe, C.S. Lewis

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Theology Gals | Episode 6 | Lutheranism with Pastor Brian Thomas

This is the first episode in our “What do they believe?” series. The purpose of this series is not to debate opposing theological traditions but rather to learn about them. At the end of the series we will record an episode where we will respond and defend in more detail what we believe. As part of this series we will also be addressing how Christians from different traditions can and should discuss our differences while remembering that we are part of the same holy and apostolic church.

Our guest on this episode of Theology Gals is Pastor Brian Thomas author of Wittenberg vs Geneva: A Biblical Bout in 7 Rounds on Doctrines that Divide. Pastor Brian is an associate Pastor of Grace Lutheran Church in San Diego, CA, a Congregation of the Lutheran Church Missouri Synod. He is also a contributor to 1517 The Legacy Project blog

Thank you to 1517 The Legacy Project for arranging this interview and providing copies of Pastor Brian's book which we will be giving away. 1517 Legacy is committed to, “Supplying theological resources that strengthen congregations, and modeling ways of engaging the culture in a manner that is thoughtful, courageous, and Christ-centered.” Learn more here about “What is 1517?”

If you are interested in our contest, a chance to win a copy of Wittenberg vs Geneva, please see the post for this episode, either on our Facebook page or on our Twitter, like and share the post which will put you in the running to win a free book.

Check out the upcoming Here We Still Stand: A Reformation Conference, a celebration of the 500th anniversary of the Reformation in San Diego California, October 19th-21st with both Reformed and Lutheran speakers including Rod Rosenbladt, Chris Rosebrough, Elyse Fitzpatrick, Jared Wilson, Steve Brown, John Warwick Montgomery and more.


How Christians from differing traditions can and should, discuss/debate our differences in a generous, kind, and honest fashion while recognizing we all belong to the one, holy, catholic, and apostolic church:

Be clear on both sides and major on the majors. Understand what it is we disagree about.
Be respectful and kind. Say what you mean, but you don't have to say it mean. Be honest and don't argue about something you know little about.
Read original sources
Be in it for the long haul
Remember the point of Theology debate is unity.


Also mentioned on this episode: The Thinking Fellows podcast on Eternal Subordination


Suggested Resources for further study from Pastor Brian Thomas:

Wittenberg vs Geneva: A Biblical Bout in 7 Rounds on Doctrines that Divide

Called, Believe, Teach, and Confess by Steven Mueller  probably the best single volume, readable, introduction to Lutheran theology
The Lutheran Difference Looks at a wide scope of theological topics with a contrast to other Christian traditions (Reformed, Methodist, Eastern, Roman Catholic).
Katie Luther: First Lady of the Reformation Thought this one of Luther's wife would be a fun and encouraging read for your listeners. She led a fascinating life and Luther would not have accomplished nearly as much as he did without her.
The Book of Concord: The Confessions of the Lutheran Church


Suggested Resources for further study from the Theology Gals:

Resources on Understanding the Differences Between the Lutheran and Reformed Traditions by R Scott Clark
Between Wittenberg and Geneva: Lutheran and Reformed Theology in Conversation by Robert Kolb and Carl Trueman  This book which is being released in October is available for pre-order


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Theology Gals | Episode 5 | The Shack & Christian Discernment

Podcast Information and Episode Resources
On tonight's episode of Theology Gals, special guest host Ashley Bacon joins Coleen to talk about The Shack and Christian Discernment.
Please check out our article and resource sheet on The Shack which we previously released.
These are the resources mentioned in the podcast episode.

What is Heresy?

“Heresy is a false teaching about the essential doctrines of our faith – the ones we must adhere to, regarding who God is, who Jesus is, salvation by grace, and Jesus’ resurrection.”  What is Heresy?  by Amy Spreeman

CARM (Christian Apologetics & Resource Ministry) says about heresy, “Heresy is a belief or idea that is in contradiction to orthodoxy. In the context of Christianity, heresy is that which deviates from standard biblical teaching.”

What is blasphemy?

CARM says, “Blasphemy is speaking evil of God or denying Him some good which we should attribute to Him.  It could also be understood to be acting in any impious, mocking or contemptuous way toward any member of the Trinity.1 The word blasphemy comes from the Greek word , blasphemia, meaning “curse” or “vilifying.””


Thirteen heresies in The Shack  identified by Michael Youssef

God the Father was crucified with Jesus.

Because God’s eyes are pure and cannot look upon sin, the Bible says that God would not look upon His own beloved Son as He hung on the Cross, carrying our sins (Habakkuk 1:13; Matthew 27:45).

2. God is limited by His love and cannot practice justice.

The Bible declares that God’s love and His justice are two sides of the same coin — equally a part of the personality and the character of God (Isaiah 61:8; Hosea 2:19).

3. On the Cross, God forgave all of humanity, whether they repent or not. Some choose a relationship with Him, but He forgives them all regardless.

Jesus explained that only those who come to Him will be saved (John 14:6).

4. Hierarchical structures, whether they are in the Church or in the government, are evil.

Our God is a God of order (Job 25:2).

5. God will never judge people for their sins.

The Word of God repeatedly invites people to escape from the judgment of God by believing in Jesus Christ, His Son (Romans 2:16; 2 Timothy 4:1-3).

6. There is not a hierarchical structure in the Godhead, just a circle of unity.

The Bible says that Jesus submitted to the will of the Father. This doesn’t mean that one Person is higher or better than the other; just unique. Jesus said, “I came to do the will of Him who sent me. I am here to obey my Father.” Jesus also said, “I will send you the Holy Spirit” (John 4:34, 6:44, 14:26, 15:26).

7. God submits to human wishes and choices.

Far from God submitting to us, Jesus said, “Narrow is the way that leads to eternal life.” We are to submit to Him in all things, for His glory and because of what He has accomplished for us (Matthew 7:13-15).

8. Justice will never take place because of love.

The Bible teaches that when God’s love is rejected, and when the offer of salvation and forgiveness is rejected, justice must take place or God has sent Jesus Christ to die on the cross for nothing (Matthew 12:20; Romans 3:25-26).

9. There is no such a thing as eternal judgment or torment in hell.

Jesus’ own description of hell is vivid … it cannot be denied (Luke 12:5, 16:23).

10. Jesus is walking with all people in their different journeys to God, and it doesn’t matter which way you get to Him.

Jesus said, “I am the way, the truth, and the life, and no one will come to the Father but by me” (John 14:6).

11. Jesus is constantly being transformed along with us.

Jesus, who dwells in the splendor of heaven, sits at the right hand of God, reigning and ruling the universe. The Bible says, “In Him there is no change, for He is yesterday, today, and forever” (Hebrews 11:12, 13:8; James 1:17).

12. There is no need for faith or reconciliation with God because everyone will make it to heav…